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The Holocaust’s Final Act

NPR visits Yatarny, Russia

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Wikimedia Commons(Wikimedia Commons)

European history buffs already know how fascinating the Russian province of Kaliningrad Oblast is. Sandwiched between Lithuania and Poland on the Baltic Sea—it does not border any other part of Russia; the awesome term for such a thing is an exclave—it had been the German territory of East Prussia until after World War II, when Russia took it over and repopulated it with their own people. Königsberg, the native city of Immanuel Kant and other prominent Germans throughout history, became Kaliningrad. Etcetera.

A brief NPR story reports on another, less-discussed part of East Prussia/Kaliningrad’s history: Its village of Yantarny was the site of arguably the final event of the Holocaust. In January 1945, several days after the liberation of Auschwitz, a group of 7,000 Jews were marched to the Yantarny beach, ordered into the (unimaginably frigid) water, and shot to death.

There is a small memorial recognizing the event at the out-of-the-way beach; even it was not put in place until 2000, because, among other reasons, prevailing Soviet ideology discouraged the singling out of ethnic or religious groups that invariably takes place when you commemorate the Holocaust.

The story is excellent: Give it a listen.

Russian Village Haunted By A Hidden Holocaust Past [NPR]

Reform Movement Changes Intermarriage Strategy

Proposes special blessings instead of discouragement

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This was in the morning round-up, but it seems like big enough news to highlight: The Central Conference of American Rabbis, which represents thousands of Reform Jewish clergy, two years ago convened a task force to study the question of intermarriage, and that group has now proposed moving away from discouraging Jews from marrying non-Jews and toward encouraging those Jews who do marry non-Jews to maintain Jewish homes.

The panel did not advocate changing Reform Judaism’s current rules, which leave the question of whether or not to officiate at interfaith weddings up to individual rabbis. (Conservative and Orthodox Judaism bar their rabbis from doing this; Reconstructionists also delegate that decision to each rabbi.) Rather, the panel suggests that the movement establish special blessings to codify and recognize these unions.

What do you guys think?

U.S. Reform Rabbis Suggest Welcoming Interfaith Couples [AP/Haaretz]

Today on Tablet

Benny Morris, Alan Dershowitz, and more

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Today in Tablet Magazine, prominent historian Benny Morris tries to get to the bottom of the decline and fall of the Israeli left-wing over the past two decades. Book critic Adam Kirsch reviews a biography of Moses Montefiore, discussing the Victorian Englishman’s cultivation of an international Jewish community. This week’s Emails of Zion features a much-forwarded Alan Dershowitz column calling for an Apartheid Week against not Israel, but Hamas. Feel free to forward The Scroll along to your friends as well.

Harvard Affiliate Lambasted Over Gaza Remarks

Kramer’s policies would lower birth rate

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Kramer.(MartinKramer.org)

A brouhaha has been brewing (brouhaha-ing?) over remarks that Martin Kramer—a fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy currently serving out a visitor-ship at Harvard, as well as the president-designate of the forthcoming Shalem College in Israel—made at the Herzliya Conference in late February (covered for Tablet Magazine by Judith Miller).

Kramer spent most of his brief remarks establishing that violent radicalism is more or less inevitable in populations with a disproportionately high number of young-adult males. In the case of Gaza and its extremely high number of just such people—the consequence of an extremely high birth rate—Kramer proposes that aid agencies end pro-natal subsidies (which essentially guarantee care to future newborns) in order to lower that birthrate, lower the pool of violent young men, and bring peace:

eventually, this will happen among the Palestinians too, but it will happen faster if the West stops providing pro-natal subsidies for Palestinians with refugee status. Those subsidies are one reason why, in the ten years from 1997 to 2007, Gaza’s population grew by an astonishing 40 percent. (more…)

Daybreak: Biden Backs Jewish State

Plus intermarriage blessings, George Mitchell in full, and more in the news

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Mitchell (L) and Netanyahu, Sunday.(Moshe Milner/GPO via Getty Images)

• After meeting Prime Minister Netanyahu in Jerusalem, Vice President Joe Biden declared, “There is no space between the United States and Israel when it comes to Israel’s security.” [WP]

• A Reform Judaism task force proposed the establishment of separate blessings for major life events, including marriages, involving non-Jewish spouses. [AP/Vos Iz Neias?]

• With U.S. support, Israel plans to build over 100 new homes in a West Bank settlement, saying they were planned before the construction freeze was in effect. [BBC]

• Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced Israel had accepted his country as a Syrian mediator; Israel quickly denied this. [JPost]

• Both Israel and Syria disclosed yesterday, at an energy conference in France, that they wish to begin using nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. [Haaretz]

• U.S. envoy George Mitchell, who would lead those Israeli-Palestinian “proximity talks,” departed Israel for a time right as Biden arrived. A profile describes him as a man of “legendary patience.” [Politico]

Sundown: The Pope’s Jew

Plus, understanding through translation, the war on lox, and more

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Ron Artest.(Deadspin)

• A Jewish papal knight has become a loud voice within the Catholic Church opposing Holocaust-era pontiff Pius XII’s sainthood. [NYT]

• A small group of ultra-Orthodox rabbis declared lox to be unkosher due to a certain parasite that salmon can host. Most rabbis disagree, though, so stick that on your bagel and eat it. [Grub Street]

• Prominent Palestinian lawyer Elias Khoury was moved by his son’s murder by a Palestinian terrorist to pay for the translation of top Israeli writer Amos Oz into Arabic. [NYT]

• Hannah Rosenthal, the Obama administration’s anti-Semitism envoy and a one-time J Street board member, said that anti-Semitism’s foes need more non-Jews on their side. [JTA]

• Eight Republican senators expressed worry over appointing a U.S. ambassador to Syria for the first time in five years. [Laura Rozen]

• Los Angeles Laker star, skilled defender, and crazy person Ron Artest had the word “Defense” dyed into his (dyed-yellow) hair in several languages, including Hebrew. [Deadspin]

Below, the making of the haircut:

Biden Brings Hopes and High Stakes to Israel

The ‘proximity talks,’ and what happens if they fail

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Biden and wife, Jill, arrive in Israel today(David Furst/AFP/Getty Images)

Now that Vice President Joe Biden has touched down in Israel (and the Israeli military’s chief-of-staff has landed in Washington, D.C.), it’s time to take a slightly closer look at those indirect peace talks that, ostensibly, are about to kick off.

The idea: U.S. envoy George Mitchell will shuttle between the Israelis and Palestinians, with the ultimate goal of getting the two sides in the same room. Both the Arab League and the Palestine Liberation Organization okayed the talks despite the fact that Israel has not agreed to a full settlement freeze in the West Bank and East Jerusalem—something Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has previously insisted were a precondition to negotiations. (Ah, but these are only indirect peace negotiations, so he hasn’t technically backed down from that! Now perhaps you see the appeal of these “proximity talks.”)

(more…)

Oscars’ Kanye Moment Was a Golda Moment, Too

Meir biographer steals the scene

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Close observers of last night’s Oscars telecast might have noticed what seemed suspiciously like a Kanye moment: when the director of Best Short Documentary winner Music by Prudence, a man, went up to accept his award, another person, a woman, interrupted him soon after he had begun talking—it sounds like she says, “The man starts talking, isn’t that classic”—and proceeded to talk a bit about the film before they both left stage. The video is below.


Turns out
the incident had to do with some bad blood between the director, Roger Ross Williams, and the producer, Elinor Burkett.

Gal Beckerman, writing on the Forward’s Sisterhood blog, notes the “Jewish connection”: Burkett is the author of a Golda Meir biography.

I can’t put it better than Beckerman does: “Forget Kanye. Williams should have known better than to mess with anyone familiar in the ways of Golda.”

At The Oscars, Golda’s Biographer Pulls a Kanye West [The Sisterhood]

Iron Man

The remarkable Tony Judt

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Judt in 2006.(Charlie Rose)

Tablet Magazine contributing editor Wesley Yang has published an outstanding profile of Tony Judt, the brilliant public intellectual who has been stricken with Lou Gehrig’s disease, in New York. A part of me wants to single out what he says about Israel and his (in)famous 2003 essay calling for a single bi-national state; and, to be sure, what he has to say remains provocative and controversial. But I don’t want to seem to narrow this utterly remarkable man. Instead, I’d like to point to what he says about his forthcoming short book on the need for social democracy:

“I am a little caught between satisfaction at my newly increased reach and mild irritation at the reason for it,” he says. “I understand the sense in which it seems as though I am in a hurry. But as you’ll see when you read the book, I am quite convinced that the urgency lies in the external world and all I am doing is drawing attention to it.”

Read the whole thing.

The Liveliest Mind in New York [New York]
Earlier: In and Out of Love With Zionism

‘Occupied’ Sesame Street

P.A. children’s show propagandizes to Israeli Arabs

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It’s not nearly as bad as those Hamas cartoons—one of which features an Israeli soldier strafing Palestinian children—but a children’s television show broadcast by the Palestinian Authority shows a woman telling Israeli Arab children that the “program” is for them, too, because they live in “Occupied Palestine.” There’s also a big blue guy: not sure why. Maybe it’s the Palestinian Cookie Monster? Kanafeh Monster?

It’s not that there aren’t some on the Israeli side who see, say, the West Bank as rightfully Israel’s. But this is the government putting this stuff out. Maybe educating children that part of the land between the river and the sea belongs to Israel should be one thing that emerges out of the new indirect peace talks?

P.A. Incitement Targets Arab-Israeli Children [Arutz Sheva]
Earlier: Stewart Mocks Hamas TV

A Montreal Jewish Deli Grows in Brooklyn

We head to Mile End

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Smoked meat poutine.(All pictures by Kate Hurwitz)

New York says New York’s best deli is Mile End, the new, Montreal-style Jewish deli in Brooklyn. This is bound to cause a stir, especially given that the New York Daily News already railed against Mile End in a faux-angry editorial for polluting the city with Montreal’s distinctive bagels, which are smaller, flatter, and sweeter than what we’re used to here.

Started by law-school dropout Noah Bermanoff, Mile End, a small, tightly packed storefront with a few picnic-style tables, a counter, and an open kitchen, aims to bring to New York the experience of eating in that eponymous Montreal neighborhood—long the center of the Canadian city’s Jewish population—and specifically to provide “smoked meat,” which is pastrami-but-not-quite, to the good people living south of the border.

Mile End’s bagels are actually shipped in from Montreal’s St.-Viateur, but everything else is local: like many of the other popular restaurants in the leafy, stroller-heavy Brooklyn neighborhood of Boerum Hill, the meat is sustainable and the vegetables house-pickled (it even serves cups of coffee from hip bean purveyor Stumptown). I headed there during prime Sunday brunching hours to see what all the fuss was about. A half-hour wait, an hour meal, and an appallingly full stomach later, I emerged with a much, much better idea.

(more…)

Today on Tablet

Tel Aviv culture clash, sprechen sie Deutsch?, and more

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Germany!(Dolo Languages)

Today in Tablet Magazine, the Vox Tablet podcast features Daniel Estrin’s dispatch from a Tel Aviv neighborhood where the liberal denizens have not taken kindly to Chabad’s moving in. As Marjorie Ingall’s husband and children apply for German citizenship (their birthright due to Nazi disenfranchisement), she finds herself uneasy about being left behind and ever more firmly established as American. As he does every week, Josh Lambert previews forthcoming books of interest. Start the week off with a new taste of Steve Stern’s serialized novel, The Frozen Rabbi. And don’t forget to come on over to The Scroll.

Tablet Writer’s Film Wins Oscar!

Rakoff’s movie lands Short Film prize

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Tablet contributor Rakoff in ‘The New Tenants.’(Oscar.com)

A massive mazel tov to Tablet Magazine contributing editor David Rakoff, who wrote—oh, and starred in!—The New Tenants, a film which last night won the Oscar for Short Film (Live Action). Congratulations!

In other news, the big winner last night, taking Original Screenplay, Director, and Picture, was The Hurt Locker (which you all really should go see: it’s excellent, and thriling). However, other than the single Oscar Inglourious Basterds’s Christoph Waltz won for Supporting Actor, all six of the films I identified as the most Jewish contenders were shut out, including Israel’s third consecutive Foreign Language Film nominee, Ajami, and the Coen Brothers’ fantastic A Serious Man.

But having a friend of the magazine succeed more than makes up for that. Here’s The New Tenants trailer:

David Rakoff [Tablet Magazine]
The New Tenant [Oscars]

Earlier: The Jews’ Oscar Nominee
Your Oscar Cheat Sheet

Daybreak: Everybody’s Talkin’ ‘Bout Peace

Plus Biden in Jerusalem, Iran throws an elbow at Russia, and more in the news

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• The Palestine Liberation Organization formally dropped its requirement that Israel freeze all settlements before peace talks commence, in order to allow a new round of U.S.-mediated indirect negotiations. [AP/NYT]

• Vice President Joe Biden arrives in Israel today, ostensibly to kick-start those talks, but perhaps most of all to signal to Israeli leaders that America continues to back them. [LAT]

• A leaked Israeli Foreign Ministry report argues that U.S. positions in the talks will hew closer to the Palestinian side, and anyway that in the coming months the Obama administration will be more focused on November’s midterm elections. [Haaretz]

• In a sign of tensions over Russia’s willingness to support harsher sanctions over its nuclear program, Iran expelled all Russian commercial pilots. [Reuters/Haaretz]

• Companies that do business with Iran despite U.S. discouragement have nonetheless won over $100 billion in U.S. contracts in the past 10 years. [NYT]

• Many in Lebanon believe they will have a new conflict with Israel, like that in 2006, in the near future. [LAT]

Sundown: Biden May Open Peace Talks

Plus Orthodox rabbis cancel woman’s ordination, and more

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• A report has it that the U.S.-mediated indirect talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority will launch as part of Vice President Joe Biden’s visit. He arrives in Israel a couple days. [Ynet]

• U.S. Senators on both sides of the aisle had harsh words for Israeli policy on Gaza and the peace process, with Sen. Richard Lugar (R-Indiana) raising the prospect of lowered aid. [JPost]

• The first “Rabba”—a female Orthodox rabbi—will have her ordination revoked at the insistence of the Rabbinical Council of America. [The Jewish Star]

• Orthodox Jews in the northeast United States faced problems last month as record snowfalls toppled eruvim denoting the boundaries of where you can walk during Shabbat. [NYT]

• Walter Russell Mead weighs in on that Gallup poll. [American Interest]

• Don’t forget to watch the Oscars Sunday night (and don’t forget to use our cheat sheet while you do so). A Serious Man could become the most notably Jewish Best Picture winner ever. The current holder of that honor?

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