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The Source

A look at Anat Kamm, who leaked secret IDF documents to a Haaretz reporter

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Anat Kamm in Tel Aviv District Court on January 26, 2010. (REUTERS/Chen Galili)

Israel’s most famous journalist this month is a 23-year-old Tel Aviv University undergraduate named Anat Kamm. Charged in December with leaking to a journalist some 2,000 classified documents obtained during her army service, she is now under house arrest at her parents’ East Jerusalem home. If convicted, she could serve 20 years in prison. Her case was under a court-issued gag order since her arrest three and a half months ago. Today, on the heels of a blast of international press coverage, a Tel Aviv district court lifted the gag order.

Who is Anat Kamm?

Her mother is a senior civil servant at the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare, where she works with the handicapped; her father is a tourist guide. Born in Jerusalem, Kamm joined the Israel Boy and Girl Scouts Federation and attended one of the country’s most prestigious high schools, the Hebrew University Secondary School, known as Leyada, graduates of which include the writers David Grossman and Meir Shalev. Acquaintances describe her as opinionated, very assertive, and politically active from a young age.

Some saw in her the makings of a future political leader. Though by no means a member of the anti-Zionist left, she has throughout her life demonstrated an acute concern with social and political justice, acquaintances say. Her interest in journalism blossomed in high school, where she began writing for several youth publications.

After graduating she began her compulsory military service in the office of Maj. Gen. Yair Naveh, then the head of the Israel Defense Forces’ Central Command, which has responsibility for military operations in the West Bank. Having shown promise in Naveh’s office, she was sent to an officer training course, which she failed to complete because, she told friends, she realized she didn’t want to be an officer.

When her service ended in spring 2007, she found a job at Walla, one of Israel’s most popular news and entertainment websites, owned partially by Haaretz and primarily by Bezeq, a major Israeli telecommunications company. Then, working as Walla’s media reporter, she covered, in autumn 2008, a meeting of Haaretz journalists and editors then trying to organize into a trade union, which the owners of Haaretz did not want to recognize. The meeting took place in the central hall of Tel Aviv’s Beit Sokolov, or Journalists’ House.

At the meeting, she approached the Haaretz investigative reporter Uri Blau, a relatively young man in his mid-thirties, who began his career at a local paper in Jerusalem. Though Kamm and Blau were from the same city, they had never met. Kamm, who admired Blau’s writing, told him she had stolen copies of secret documents during her military service at the office of the head of the IDF’s Central Command. Sometime later she gave Blau some of the documents, which she had been holding for 18 months. (A first attempt to hand off documents to Yossi Yehoshu, a reporter for Yediot Aharonot, failed.) Haaretz published articles based on a few of them not long after, in November 2008.

Kamm’s motive, colleagues say, was to expose the IDF’s egregious violation of Israeli law, clear evidence of which was in her dossier. Of its 2,000 documents, 700 were classified as “top secret” and only a handful were used by Haaretz. But sources familiar with the case say the most damning of them were used in Blau’s reporting.

Blau revealed that in March and April 2007, while Kamm was working at the office of the IDF’s head of Central Command, the army’s highest ranking officers knowingly planned to violate a 2006 Supreme Court ruling that forbade the assassination of Palestinian militants when their arrest was possible. In April 2007, the IDF’s Central Command received permission to assassinate an Islamic Jihad leader named Ziad Malaisha. The assassination, Kamm’s documents reveal, was planned and approved in meetings with the head of the IDF’s Operations Directorate, Brig. Gen. Sami Turjeman, and the IDF’s Chief of Staff, Lt. Gen. Gabi Ashkenazi.

Summaries of the meetings reveal that the officers were aware of the Supreme Court ruling they would soon violate. The assassination, which was postponed because of the April 2007 visit of U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates, took place in June 2007, the month Kamm left the army.

Israel’s military censors approved Blau’s article, finding that its publication would not damage Israel’s national security. Yet an intention to do such damage is precisely what Kamm is now accused of.

Whether or not Blau’s article damaged Israeli national security, it appears to have ruffled the feathers of quite a few senior officers: Soon after its publication the military ordered what was then called the Department of Field Security and is now called the Department for the Protection of Information to open an investigation. Ashkenazi, the chief of staff, had said after the Lebanon War of 2006 that it was his mission to end leaks from high-level officers.

The investigation of the leak at Central Command, an operation codenamed “Double Take”—a reference, some believe, to the army’s intention to prosecute both Kamm and Blau—lasted a year before Kamm was arrested. Until then, her life appeared perfectly normal. She moved to Tel Aviv, where she studied history at the university and continued to work as a journalist for Walla.

In September 2009, Israel’s domestic security service approached Blau, who consulted with Haaretz’s lawyers and agreed to cooperate with investigators, who wanted him to return the documents. In return, Shin Bet agreed not to indict him and not to use the documents as evidence against his sources. Now, however, the agreement appears to have broken down, as Haaretz and the Shin Bet accuse each other of violating it. Blau, meanwhile, went with his girlfriend on a previously planned trip to China.

When the investigators found Kamm in late 2009—after obtaining her phone records, which are believed to reveal communication with Blau—she had been a civilian, which is to say outside the jurisdiction of military investigators, for two and a half years. Her case was referred to the Shabak, Israel’s domestic security agency, which promptly called her to a police station, where she was interrogated and is believed to have confessed to leaking the documents. Under Israeli law, providing classified documents to a journalist is no less treasonous than providing them to a terrorist group or foreign government.

After Kamm’s arrest, a court in the city of Petah Tikva issued a gag order forbidding any Israeli media from reporting on the case or on the existence of the gag order. Kamm’s family hired two lawyers, Eitan Lehman and Avigdor Feldman, an articulate leftist and prominent litigator who had previously defended Israel’s most famous accused spy, Mordechai Vanunu, who was sentenced to 18 years in prison for revealing details of Israel’s nuclear weapons program. Kamm was granted permission to serve her house arrest at her Tel Aviv apartment and her mother’s home in Jerusalem, and to continue working at Walla. The judge who issued the gag order, Einat Ron, had served as a colonel in the IDF’s military prosecutor’s office. In 2001, Col. Ron made headlines as the IDF’s chief military prosecutor when she chose not to open a criminal investigation after finding that a group of soldiers had violated army regulations by killing an unarmed 11-year-old Palestinian boy.

Despite the wide coverage of the case in international media, Ron had for months refused to lift the gag order. Pressure from the IDF and the security services forced a higher court to lift it today. But a lifting of the gag order will not ensure leniency in Kamm’s trial. The judge overseeing that trial, Zeev Hammer, is known to be very friendly to the security establishment.

Uri Blau, meanwhile, has not returned from his trip to China. As the case unfolded, he moved to Britain and refused to return to Israel to face interrogation. A lawyer from Haaretz went to see Blau in Europe, where he had gone after visiting China. Haaretz was then negotiating with the authorities to see if he could return without facing arrest. The authorities refused.

CORRECTION, April 8: Due to an editing error, an earlier version of this article erroneously described the noted Israeli author David Grossman as a physicist. It has been corrected.

Yossi Melman covers intelligence and military affairs for Haaretz.

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this is a toughie……its in Gods hands….

mario says:

she and blau must pay

If someone serving in the American military had done what Anat Kamm is accused of, what would happen to them? Would they be tried in a military court with media blackout? Or would his/her case be tried in the press/court of public opinion?

Anat Kamm was NOT a Journalist when she committed the crime (a crime she seems to have already admitted to – at least from what the media is reporting), so why do most of the headlines insinuate that a reporter is being unjustly treated? I think it’s time for the media to stop the sensationalism and report facts – it’s difficult to find a respectable news source these days.

According to other reports, Blau has been filing stories from London and has many more secret documents than he admitted to. Kamm copied the documents onto DVD and then passed them on (and maybe there is more to come). Certainly, she appears to have betrayed her duty as a soldier (whether out of political motives or simple self-centeredness remains to be seen), and Blau has lied to investigators and is now abroad avoiding helping the courts and more importantly his nation.

tillkan says:

Nobody has anything to say about the illegal assassinations? Does the Israeli Supreme Court issue orders they expect to be disobeyed? Is the Court even going to say boo? I guess it is okay if it involves killing Palestinians.

will edwards says:

I have something to say about the illegal activities of the IDF. It is the duty of every Jew to stand up against inhumanity and lawless murder. This young woman risked her freedom and her very life to expose the very people trying to imprison her of their wickedness, complete disregard for Israeli law, G-d’s law. It is not her that should be on trial. A people is only as good as it’s leaders.

will edwards says:

Entire sections of my comments were somehow omitted…

carlos says:

This article is a case of journalism at its worst. Yossi Melman leaves out the fact that among the documents stolen by her were documents dealing with troop movements, military plans for the future and other matters which could endanger soldier’s lives, without any connection to the alleged illegal activities of the IDF. Blau also lied and did not hand over all the documents as he promised he would.
She is also not a journalist. She stole the documents when she was a soldier and afterward as a reward Haaretz gave her a job at Wallah. She is simply a traitor. Believe me if an Arab had stolen secret documents we wouldn’t be hearing about how his parents are and where he went to school.
In my opinion, if convicted she should be sent away for a long time.

@Tillkan & Will Edwards – I agree that if assassinations were taking place and she, as a soldier, became privy to this information that it was her responsibility to take action. HOWEVER, stealing documents and turning them over to a reporter is not the appropriate action. Since the alleged assassinations were in violation of a Supreme Court order, she should have taken the information to a lawyer who would have taken the case to the Supreme Court (I assure you that there are plenty of Palestinian-sympathizer lawyers in Israel who would have taken such a case pro bono).

Instead, she not only took that information but stole thousands of documents including those containing military strategies and upcoming exercises, thereby putting our soldiers at risk. And Blau put that information in the hands of Israel’s enemies.

I completely understand her motivation to fight corruption in the government she was working for (just as I, an American citizen living in Israel, would like to see corruption in the Obama-nation exposed and stopped), however, taking it to the level of stealing and disseminating military secrets is TREASON.

This media attack on Israel is just another in the long chain of anti-Semitic/anti-Israel propaganda. Take the facts of this case and put them in the context of any other country – especially the US – and there would be no headlines, no story, and the criminal would either be in a military prison or dead.

carlos says:

I question the ethics of having Yossi Melman write an article of this sort. He is an employee of Haaretz, the newspaper that is in the exact center of this story, and despite the disclosure at the bottom of the article, one could hardly expect him to be impartial.
Israel is full of journalists. Couldn’t you find someone not connected with the story to write about it?

Jacqueline says:

Anat is a brave young woman. Israel shouldn’t get away with its war crimes and land theft.

If Ms. Kamm does not receive some consideration as a whistle-blower, some officers in the IDF would be emboldened break even more laws.

The IDF has a clear rule, which says that a soldier should not obey a command that is patently illegal. Unfortunately, the law is less clear about whistle-blowing.

Shabbat shalom.

steve says:

Carlos is right. Tablet has shown to be a site I look forward to reading.However,
this is an article about Ha’aretz’s dispute with the Israeli govt and it’s really a part of an aggressive post-gag order response by that paper to justify its actions.
Tablet is merely a tool for that purpose so it owes its readers a form of clarification upfront.

Now to Mr. Melman a question: Assume for a moment that you hired me as your summer intern. I have access to all of your files and the names of your sources. I take that information and I publish the names of 5 sources. The sources tell me in advance that it’s ok to use their names in a highly negative story about Yossi Melman’s journalistic style which could be derived only from the papers I took.Are you Mr. Melman ok with that? Like the IDF censor, your sources said it was ok. Like Kamm I took information I should not have taken. Are you and Ha’Aretz going to simply let it go? And to TAblet, you should have made it clear what you were passing on here.

Uno Immoto says:

Kamm & Blau are both Traitors.
Safety of Nation & ALL that entails – Must take Precedence over Rulings.

N.Shum-Ish says:

World ethics discussions are surely best not conducted in a vacuum. Remember the Pentagon Papers affair in the US, which, if I recall, dealt with revelation of illegal aspects of the conduct of the Vietnam War. I think the US Supreme Court got that one substantially right. Cannot the People who claim for their own “the judge of all the earth” step up to history’s standard?

Kamm is guilty of treason. Her actions put Israli lives in danger. She is, quite simply, a spoiled brat, making up her own rules of action. I spent part of my time in the American Army working in a secret documents section. If I had done a small portion of what she did, I would have rightfully been prosecuted and jailed.

Barry Sotero says:

She’s too cute to put in prison. I wish more whistleblowers were this good looking!

cute?
So the information gets into the wrong hands and ends in disaster for the IDF as a body and some individual soldiers…
What’s cute about that.
As for her looks….you have NO taste!
Charlie

Sir Percy says:

There are many noble Jews have demonstrated that being Jewish is noble unlike many neocons and selfish ones.
Anat Kamm, I salute you for being a noble human being. It is because of people like you, Israel will have a future.

V. G. Davidzon says:

To everyone who speaks of treason, in this case:…. As far as I can see, nowhere does it say in the article, or anything else written about the story that she, or Blau handed over troop movements or any information of the sort to “Israel’s enemies”. There is a failure here to make correct political demarcations. Even if she did take more documents or a kind that were not specifically pertinent, she did not hand them over to Hezbollah, but to Israeli journalists.
If the heads of the army were indeed plotting to, colluding, or disobeying the rulings of Israels highest court, then that is a form of treason against the state and the Israeli people. If that is the case she had not just the right, but the responsibility to make this information known. The argument that were alternative actions she could have take falls flat if the highest levels of the leadership were actively invested in extra judicious activity. We should operate under the assumption that the Army would have done nothing with out these crimes (against the wishes of the state and people) came to light. Are the actions of a 20 something year old more reprehensible and scary then the leadership of the army doing what they think is right independent and in contraventions of civilian oversight?
Should not people be accusing them of Treason as well?

Dear Jacqueline(April 9,2010),

The United Nations voted that the British mandate of Palestine
should be divided into two states Jewish and Arab. The Ivri/Hebrew
settlement of the land begins about 4000 years ago with Avraham the Hebrew/Ivri .The language spoken by today’s Israelis is Ivrit which at its core (root words& grammatical forms)is the Ivrit of their ancestors the Hebrews.
The native lands of the Arabs are found in the Arabian Peninsula(which
include today’s Saudi Arabia,Oman, The Emirates,Yemen). Today Arabic
is spoken , beyond the Arabian peninsula in the land of others because the Arabs left their peninsula to conquer what today is called Iraq,Kuwait, Jordan,Lebanon,Syria, Egypt, Libya,Tunisia, Morroco etc…
They also conquered Israel which the Romans ,centuries before, had mockingly renamed Palestine after the name of the Israel’s ancient enemy, the Philistines . The Arab Caliph,Umar, who conquered Israel from the Byzantine Christians ,to his credit, invited Jews to once again live in Jerusalem. The Caliph reversed the ban,of the Romans and then of the Christians,that prevented Jews from living in Jerusalem. A ban that some people today would like to resurrect.If only today’s Arabs would follow the example of their generous Caliph and invite the Jews back to Israel.This generous act would be the first step in restoring a great Caliphate that would teach by example that which
G-d loves the most -Zakah , the generous giving to those in need.
G-d has blessed the Arab people with resources that the whole world needs. And what people more than Israel, your brother, deserves your help.

Peace

Sir Percy says:

Nate, according to Prof. Shlomo Sand, your statement may be inaccurate.
The important thing is for the two people to reconcile and to help each other and to live together in peace.

http://www.hagada.org.il/eng/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=318

Nate, and this is connected…how? I agree with the commentor that suggested that Kamm should’ve taken her info to the IDF, which has a mechanism for this sort of claim. If she got nowhere there, then on to a civilian attorney. While I admire her, she should’ve chosen her steps more carefully.

She and Uri need to be locked up and the key tossed.

Shalom Freedman says:

Anat Kam is also most likely two things she is not described at in this article, a a thief and a traitor. She according to Israel intelligence sources has put the lives of thousands of Israeli soldiers and civilians at greater risk. No one knows where the material she transmitted to Blau, and perhaps to others has found its way to.

V. G. Davidzon says:

To Eyal Feldman and Mr. Freedman,
I would be ok with her being tried for treason if they tried General Ashkenazi as well.
Only fair right?

Before we get hysterical, let us establish the facts. The most sensitive information Anat Kam seems to have had was about the targeted assassinations, and that the way they were being carried out violated the law, which is relevant to the public knowledge. Namely, your government is violating the law in your name, you should know that. Second, the military censor reckoned that state security would not be compromised by this disclosure.

If anything, she is a hero. She has done Israel a big favor.

This case seems to be mostly an issue of the emotional condition of the perpetrator. She willfully stole documents while responsible to her army superiors aqnd then plotted over 18 months to dertermine the best way to damage the reputations of her superiors by going to a reporter, of all people, to remedy what she believed were vioplations of the law. She should have sought a way to deal with the issue legally and responsibly instead of the blowup this has caused; the state of Israel is faced with enemies and dertractors world-wide. She merely exhibits the immaturity of her years, let alone the political inclinations of the left.To solve a problem she created an international incident.

will edwards says:

Tehillah,
I have to say your comments smack of closed minded fascism…the kind GW Bush among others made so famous. The duty of any reporter is to find the truth and substantiate it. You, as well as others in this blog, have seen fit to toss out unsubstantiated claims apparently designed to dissuade us from the issue. This young woman took every precaution, it seems, to keep any secrets of import from falling in to any hands other then honorable and ethical Israelis which, also apparently, is a far cry from the leadership of the IDF. It is my belief this prosecution is solely out of vengeance for being exposed for what they are guilty of. There are mitigating circumstances that should be recognized. Your black and white judgment is most likely a “fox news” kind of judgment where it is written… do as they say not as they do. There is no justice without understanding and compassion. Your attacks on the Obama administration are actually slander. I would venture to wager you have no such evidence… only Fox news gossip.

will edwards says:

What are you hard core people (I am trying to be polite) doing reading and commenting on Tablet? Tablet appears to be a liberally leaning Reform Movement magazine. Why aren’t y’all reading the Karl Rove Spiel or the Cheney Directive or maybe the Heritage Foundation’s plans for a fascist take over? Aren’t those more to yer likings? Or is it y’all are just yer average frustrated republican… a cowardly liar trying to make everyone bend to your over bearing will?

All of you locker room lawyers and Judges should face your own judgments…may Ha-Shem make it so

Sergio says:

Guys & Gals – check out a fairly new movie “Nothing but the Truth”. It would give a good perspective on how the similar issue would likely be treated in “other democracies”, aka the USA.

The whole issue is controversial, true. However – if the society will choose to put away people for bringing to light the problems and blunt violations of Law by the Government and Military authorities (even in some weird ways by stealing the classified info) – you as a country may eventually run out of such people who will be willing to risk their lives in order to reveal the truth. What happens next? – I thought USSR was a good enough example. Yes the whistleblowers should not be praised, but when the facts are true… they should not be severely punished either.

BTW, to people like Will: I mostly watch FOX, not CNN. And listen to Glenn Beck, like “tea-partiers” and do not like “Obama’s socialism”. It is incorrect to paint “right side” with broad stokes. Conservative side has many faces and a signficant part of it in fact is very concerned with keeping our freedoms, guns, constitution and keeping “Big Almighty Brother” responsible if it errors. ‘Cause given too much power the Government will always lean toward Orwellian controlled society.

To Anat Kamm (if she or any of her friends reads it): Lot of sympathy to you. It is hard to face the government even in a more or less democratic regime. I hope you have enough inner strength and integrity to pull it through. And I hope your true friends will stick with you no matter what the establishment will throw at you. You are a brave young lady, to stand against the machine. My prayers with you.

Sergio,
Tampa, FL.

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The Source

A look at Anat Kamm, who leaked secret IDF documents to a Haaretz reporter

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