As the tenth anniversary of 9/11 approaches, today in Tablet Magazine Sara Ivry looks back through the prism of a handful of observant relations of Jews who died in the attacks who had to go through the rigorous religious process of being recognized as in mourning—and, in widows’ and widowers’ cases, of no longer being married. “No physical remains were found of this man—nobody on the plane had physical remains—and there were no witnesses to his death,” explains Rabbi Michael Broyde, “but you could place him on the plane, and everybody on the plane died. That’s called, in the Talmudic literature, ‘being thrown into the furnace.’ So even though nobody saw the person die, and there are no physical remains, if two witnesses say he was thrown into the furnace, then he’s dead.”

Disaster Preparedness